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1

ôʱˣ
ĸںڰ˵仰ʱѰЩ⡣
кβأҰְ֡Ůְ֪ôģʲôֵģ
뱣侲ȴסĸͬ
ĸײûлشֻװƤͷɳɳһ¡ĸ׺תȥסϢ֮ˣǷŮƽʱеأ鲻˵ֱ
裡ΪʲôϸҰְֹʱأҺû˵
ĸ׼ĬƬ̺󣬲ͷ˵
Ϊ㻹Сֲп˵ôأǼ飬Լë
ְֱǿɱ赱ʱDzۿְֱɱijˣ
赹ûпʱɫѰҲŵûȥˡ
ĸ˵仰еΪԼס
ɫѰǿˣ
ǵԺϰְֺŻһڷԺֵ߳ܵ˶ںڰһ˵ϮְʱɻͺԷĶ̵ˡ
ûбץû˿òأ
ϲƽүүˡǴ軹СʱǼλ˼ҡǰһЩɵǸˣǵ𣿡
ĸ˵ЩʱЩԥ
ϲƽүү⣬ÿ궼ĺ꿨ŮӶɡȻûпȴǿʱĽŲôͻȻ˱˵أ
ûлش
2

ӻ·Իڵļ˴к߳Ͽΰ칫ҡһĽŸиʱ°ʱĽŸУʵ˸е
С㣬һ߰ɡ
˺סεľϼͽͣλͬӶûж׽Уͽȴͬһ빫˾°ʱͬһվΪɣͦкøСһлӳԺ춹һ°ࡣʱ°Ҫδdz޽Լᣬȴò֪Ǻá޽ҪĹ˾ֵҹ࣬ԼҲûʲôرļƻԱͼͽ߳˾ˮµеϣѴɼݯľҶȻ·ȾòĿƮڽŸǰĿҶʱҲоɱ⡣
޴ɳͷĵ糵´ñվ³Ӻĸ׾סϯԢ̵תȥСӾͷߵתԼĪʮ߾ʱͽͻȻ˵
ףDz𣿡
һӰСŮ˱ӰոմӳгĵǹչȥŲ۵ɫס׻ɫŮȷʵӵĸӡĸһһλ׳ˡӺ˺죬ֽݯԭ塣ȻͷѿʼЩ߰ף·ƺͦʾʮ˵ş̌ͷŸӸߴݯԭ˵ʱĸ׵Цݺ
С㣬ְֲ㻹Сʱȥ𣿡ͽе㲻ʵ
ǰ
ʵDzСʱʱĸ׵ĶDZǿġûи߱˵ıҪ
ôǸӦɣ
ͽԼIJ²š
š
ҲӦһ¶ѡûĸ׺ݯԭ֮Ĺϵе߳ܡ෴أ˻ף顣ҲöԼͽ˵
ҹȻµò
ԽôΪ˵ļͽԼIJ²ûдЩ
ְ־壬һͿΪú
˭˭
㰡ԭΪĸ׵ģڲ֪ͺ͸塣
ӵͻȻúͽѾǺǿˡ
ݰݣһ
ӹűڶͯ԰ɰرߵijϡһС԰ٹ߾룬dz޽ҲɢΡ̵ֽֽǺͼͽֺûֱӻؼң֪ߵˡ
԰˿ֻСѧĵƹг죬ǿһ㡣ǿЦţӵĴڡûעӵŶ
ͽ˵Ļظֵ
һͿú
ͺ͡
ӷ·ԼҲйĸоһμݯԭʱйһָо˺ijһˡ˭ʱû뵽Ҳû̫˼ȥ룬͸ˡھͽôһƺڻȻ֮࣬òʵԭݯԭľԼ
ǣʲô
Լ
ĸףDzأ
ⲻǿԼ̻ش⡣˫˼
Ҳ
õĽۡδԤڵȷ𺳣˲ûжСƬϣһĸסǸΨҲɷѵɷ
ô룬ڶĸ׺ĸ׵İ˻ûκζС·ݯԭĬȴ׽ӡھҪΪĸףһѣٹһʱ󣬻Ӧõɣ
3

7Ѯһ죬ڽһλʱͬѧλͬѧʱ¶ŵƤ΢Ц˵
ϴdzݵһҵӰԺˡΪһλͷһסú˧ʿһû߹ȥкǸ˭أ
仰ӷ·˵ͷһĸ׽ĴԽԽࡣؼҺ󣬷ĸ׵ĶС￴һֻʯָûеĶ
ӳͺĸ׹ΪԼͥΪĸ׺ͺӳǽ֮˵ȫԵԽӷ˳ĸױۻĸоһʱѹˡ
Բӡ֪Ӧõһ㣬ǣΪΪ飬Կ˿ڡ
ӿʱĸ˳㲻ǡԭÿڹԢŲ÷칤ٵֵֽĸףһϽʱ޳վǰʶݯԭ塣ݯԭһҴ칫˾²ǰӺͶ򳵻˫˫ĿǰŹ¶
ӣԣԲٺݯԭұҪ㲻ԣȵ޸޽Ҿͽݯԭ顣Ȼ˲ˡ
ĸ¶żį΢Ц˵
ĸô˵Ҳ֪Ǻádz޽飬
Ȼϲˣкβأ㲻Ⱥ档ҪпҸͲӦ÷ԡ෴أֻǻԷǶŮȨͷ
Թֱ޽ֱ˵رʾʵʹ޽鲻ô˵Ҳ׼赲ĸ׵顣Լ޽˳չѾ飬Ҳܵ޽鸸ĸ׵ͬ⣬þҪн񡪡ҸʹÿࡣԭȻĸԼ޺¿ӣĸµºԼҲʡȥչϵķաԼҲĴ㡣ûɷĶŮ޺ʵĸͻȻЩЪ˹Ů¾ӹ£ʹСڵĸ鷢ìܡӣˡʵϣھŽĸԶռԸһ˸ı仯侳Dz׿İɣˣԿ͹۵̬ȴɡ
7ĩϣӺĸһһҲݯԭ档ݯԭԼõʱٵԼʮӲͷ󺹵ظϵ
Բҳٵˡ
ݯԭ΢ЦſĸŮ崺յ΢ЦûŮϵĹϵɣĴЩ㣬Ҳûи˲ĸо񲻰˵ò͵ʱٿڡȻˣһҲоŤȻӺĸһЩ飬ȻƵƵͷԷ˵̬ȼȻҲپнͬȻ̬Ⱥ졣
ΪǸô
ڻس̵ĵ糵ϣĸײŮ
ֻһ棬һжϡ
ӻشúܼ򵥡Ȼˣĸ׻һ¶ЦݡʮΪһĸŮһ仰Ѿ㹻ˡ
жԸ׵ļ䣬е˳ûмסһŮӶԣǼįһ顣ӶôԼһصġȫİĸףЩ޷ĸõġеĸ׸պúݯԭӡǺϣˣӦúĸƥ䡣ݯԭӣĸҲأбʶȵòһӵĺøС
ʲôʱʶݯԭģǺǰˣʱ軹ڶŮѧҲ֪ǧҶر˽ȵС壬ʱΪڴ̣ѧԱ֮£ŮѧҲҪΪҳ˵蹤ȥɵܰ뵺ũȥǸһɽĵطкնӣݯԭնӵġʱһξ
ӳںĵѯ֮£ĸ׶϶˵¡˵ʱڶһ˽ѧĿƵݯԭDZΪԤѧУѧģڹɽնӷۡ
˵ҪȵĸɢǰסɽȥһˣȻ󵽱Ļȥ˵ڶ֮ǰϣܹټһ档ijijǧҶһҽ֮ҡùݵҡЩ˵ġ
ȥûУ
ӵһͷ
ǸʱһŮӵǾᱻģֻƭĸ˵һλò״ӼǸʱĹ·೵ʲôʱŻῪ幫·סվٴ˻𳵵ǧҶУȻָϻؼȥˡǸ󲻵贩жĵʽ㡣Ԫ·һӡ߳ùʱվµľϣˣĿתĿ衭
ˡ裬ʱӦûӦҪ޸
ʱ𣿡
ĸЩɫ˵һ㲻˽⵱ʱžƵŮЩջˡ
ܹ棬ڵʱǹ˷ܵ顣ʱֻĿӣ..(δ꣬һڼĶ)..

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